Teaching Outcomes: To explore what life was like at Danebury hill fort. Gain chronological knowledge and understanding of the timeline Stone-Bronze-Iron-Roman history and about Iron Age hill forts: tribal kingdoms, farming, art and culture. Iron Age cultures in Europe developed their own distinct fashions and traditions, which shared some common trends. BBC Teach > Primary resources > KS2 History > Ancient Voices. Gain knowledge … Hill Fort Worksheet - The Iron Age KS2. Children could use toy building tools to construct their own fort defenses using Iron Age techniques. Hill forts developed in the Late Bronze and Early Iron Age, roughly the start of the first millennium BC, and were in use by the ancient Britons until the Roman conquest. The late Stone Age/ early Bronze Age people who lived there built a massive ditch and bank some 545 metres in length. It is easy to understand why our ancestors chose these places in which to live and to defend themselves. Identify similarities and differences between ways of life in different periods. Sometimes groups of houses were built on the top of hills. Pupils will discover what life was like in an Iron Age hill fort in Britain. This resource hasn't been reviewed. Sometimes groups of houses were built on the top of hills. During that time one of their main tasks may have been to protect livesto… The Celts did not like to live closely together. A third coin of Marcus Aurelius was dug up below the fort on the north side of the road from Newton Abbot. The largest and most complex of all Iron Age hill forts in Britain is Maiden Castle, located in Dorchester, Dorset. Ye olde – The ‘golden age’ for hill fort construction was between 500 BC and AD 50. Some are ovoid, some are rectilinear, some have single ramparts (known as univallate hillforts) and some have many (known as multivallate). The resource includes a detailed lesson plan, Powerpoint and pupil resource sheets.What was life like in an Iron Age hill fort?Pupils will discover what life was like in an Iron Age hill fort in Britain. We find out how it was built and about the weapons they used to defend the entrance. Some hill forts were almost like small towns. changes in Britain from the Stone Age to the Iron Age. The hill fort was considered a temporary retreat. Pre-Roman Britain – 1c Iron Age Hill Forts. To protect themselves, they built forts on the tops of hills. The overwhelming majority of these hill forts had their heyday in the Iron Age and were abandoned by the end of the first century. Iron allowed people to make better tools for farming and daily life, as well as better weapons. They will develop knowledge about the purpose of hill forts… An introduction for KS1/KS2 pupils to why and how the Romans built a network of roads in Britain. We can still see evidence of some of them today. Iron Age Clothing (KS2) Explained. Small multivallate hill forts therefore provide an important commentary on the nature of settlement and social organisation in the Iron Age and, with only c.100 examples known nationally, are one of the rarer classes of monument belonging to the period. Celtic Hill Forts. The Romans had their own ideas of how things should be done. During the Iron Age, iron material was commonly used to make tools, so the era was named after it. The resource includes a detailed lesson plan, Powerpoint and pupil resource sheets. They are given just the briefest of background information before being let loose on the evidence which is presented to them in a dossier to simulate a modern detective case. Defensive – Alfred the Great built a series of hill forts along the coastal hills of Wessex to guard against Viking attack. Read about our approach to external linking. In Britain, the Iron Age began in about 800BC and, as its name suggests, it came about when people discovered how to produce iron. Teach KS2 children about hill forts, how and why they were built, as well as their limitations. Aerial Iron age hill forts and settlements of the Britain . The Dinas Powys hillfort is an Iron Age hillfort near Dinas Powys, Glamorgan, Wales. ; The people who lived in Britain during the Iron Age weren’t called ‘Celts… Integration into Stainton School Long Term plan . Around 800BC people in Britain learned how to use iron. Research into life in Danebury in the Iron Age and find hill forts using grid references. It is likely that woollen products and grain were traded in exchange for these. In Britain the end of the Iron Age is linked to the spread of Roman culture following the Roman invasion of 43 AD. The site, covering 5 hectares (12 acres), was excavated in the 1970s. By the end of Key Stage 2, children will learn about life in Britain during the Stone and Iron Ages. Colchester was one such large Celtic settlement. This lesson encourages pupils to engage imaginatively with this historical setting and reflect on how life in this period might have been different to life today, making a storyboard to record their ideas. This large raised hill fort was first laid out back in 600 BC over the remains of an earlier Neolithic settlement. See Inside. Kings and Queens, war and peace, and the development of whole civilisations - it's unquestionably captivating for all ages. Small multivallate hill forts therefore provide an important commentary on the nature of settlement and social organisation in the Iron Age and, with only c.100 examples known nationally, are one of the rarer classes of monument belonging to the period. Learning about the Iron Age begins in lower Key Stage 2, which is Year 3. A community of 300 to 400 people lived here for more than 400 years. At this time, most people across Britain and Ireland lived in Celtic tribes. Use in conjunction with our Hill Fort Activity Sheets.Tags in this resource: Hands-on-Potters-Wheel-Clay-Sculpting-KS2.pngPotters-Wheel-Clay-Sculpting-KS2.pngSculpting-Hands-Clay-Pottery-KS2.png Widespread – There are the remains of over 2,000 Iron Age hill forts in Britain today. Hill forts were huge things that could hold everyone in the village in times of attack. The present hill fort as we see it today, was started during the Iron Age around 450 – 300 BC when the area of the fort was extended and the ramparts and ditches were enlarged. A full lesson for KS2 introducing Iron Age hillforts. The vast multiple ramparts enclose an area the size of 50 football pitches! Aerial Iron age hill forts and settlements of the Britain . There is, however, evidence of a much longer period of use at many forts, stretching back as far as the Neolithic. 1. Wrong. These hill forts gave the tribes an excellent view, allowing them to see enemies coming from miles away. There are Bronze Age burial mounds on the right hand end of the castle. Iron Age Hill Forts: By the end of the Iron Age many people lived in hill forts. Hill forts were common across Britain until the Romans invaded in AD43. The Iron age. Did anything happen to Milber Down hillfort after the Iron Age? Read about our approach to external linking. Teachers can use the sheet to support their own knowledge or use it as the basis of a comprehension activity with pupils. Key Question 6. The vast multiple ramparts enclose an area the size of 50 football pitches! https://www.bbc.co.uk/.../history-ks1--ks2-explain-this-hill-forts/z4xx6v4 Castle Hill at Almondbury has been the site of a settlement since around 2100 BC. Crickley Hill's Iron Age population within the fort was between 50 and 100: and the fort had a devastating end evidenced by the archaeological recovery of hundreds of arrow points. Teachers and pupils could develop timelines of British history, indicating in which era hill forts were built and then explore what existed before and after hill forts as part of a historical study. There are around 3,300 structures that can be classed as hillforts or similar “defended enclosures” within Britain, all worthy of considering. As well as small communities, there were also large settlements and heavily defended forts. This sheet contains a number of pages with different layouts of a diagram of a hill fort. This teaching Stone Age to Iron Age at KS2 section contains a series of history lessons on all aspects of the Stone Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age, which were judged outstanding by an experienced history OFSTED inspector. There is, … hillforts iron age hill fort hill forts iron age hill forts hillfort celts bronze age christmas colouring christmas activities How does this resource excite and engage children's learning? The simple one-roomed homes had a pointed thatched roof and walls made from wattle and daub (a mixture of mud and twigs). This clip will be relevant for teaching History at KS2 in England, Wales and Northern Ireland and 2nd Level in Scotland. Locate hill forts on local Ordnance Survey maps. There are 4,174 hillforts dotted all over the British Isles and Ireland, making them one of the most prolific and well known legacies of the Iron Age. Perhaps the most surprising thing is the amount of effort they went to in order to remain safe from their enemies. The above video may be from a third-party source. The largest and most complex Iron Age hill fort in Britain today is Maiden Castle in Dorset. Some of these forts were also re-fortified during the fifth to seventh centuries, in the post-Roman or early medieval period. Iron Age Britain was a violent place. Hill Forts Information Sheet - The Iron Age KS2. A date such as 2018 AD means 2018 years after Jesus is A fire gutted the site around 400 BC and it was then abandoned until the Normans built a motte-and-bailey in the eleventh century. The Celts did not like to live closely together. The Iron Age began in around 1200 BCE when the use of iron had become widespread in the Eastern Mediterranean. The population of Britain was exceedingly large during the Iron Age, so it is inconceiveable that everyone in the tribe lived within the confines of their local fort. Tweet. Teach KS2 children about hill forts, how and why they were built, as well as their limitations. Raksha explores Maiden Castle – the biggest Iron Age Hill Fort in Britain. Share. Pupils will discover what life was like in an Iron Age hill fort in Britain. Archaeologists race to uncover secrets of mysterious ancient fort before it collapses into sea. ... Pupils will discover what life was like in an Iron Age hill fort in Britain. The clothes of Iron Age people were made from organic local materials like wool, linen and animal skins and were dyed bright colours, like blue, yellow and red, using natural vegetable dyes made from plants and berries. The Celts KS2 for kids learning the history of Celts, the Iron Age facts, Celtic life, Boudicca, roundhouses, food & weapons. These new weapons were stronger than Stone or Bronze Age weapons and, of course, with more dangerous weapons, people needed new ways to defend themselves from attack. Iron Age hill forts were once a common sight across Britain. It can be used alongside maps of localities to explore where pupils think hill forts might have been built and why. (KS2: Iron Age Hillforts, tribal kingdoms, farming, art and culture) (KS2: The Roman Empire and its impact on Britain) What is Milber Down hillfort? Contour forts are those "...in which the defences cut off the upper portion of a hill from the ground below by following, more or less, … This clip is from the series Ancient Voices. Children … As an extension activity pupils are challenged to find out about archaeological sites like Maiden Castle. What is a hill fort? BC and AD B.C.means Before Christ. The Celts lived during the Iron Age, from about 600 BC to 43 AD.This is the time when iron was discovered and used. An informative Powerpoint showing the different style of houses used during the Stone Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age eras. An introduction for KS1/KS2 pupils to migration and how migration to and from the United Kingdom has changed over time. Iron Age Lesson Plans for KS2.These plans belong to our popular Stone Age to Iron Age Resource Pack.Includes full lesson plans with Powerpoint slides and pupil resources/worksheets. But unless the fine was under attack, they stood empty, waiting until they were needed. A modern day worker makes a replica of a Stone Age arrow, showing us how skilled Stone Age people were in their use of flint. Teaching Stone Age to Iron Age at KS2. Suggested activities: Locate hill forts on local Ordnance Survey maps. Here are some facts about Iron Age hill forts (sometimes referred to as hillforts) in Britain. They were full of wooden houses with thatched roofs made of straw. Use in conjunction with our Hill Fort Worksheets.Tags in this resource: Hands-on-Potters-Wheel-Clay-Sculpting-KS2.pngPotters-Wheel-Clay-Sculpting-KS2.pngSculpting-Hands-Clay-Pottery-KS2.png Just click on the links below. Some Iron Age communities would live in groups of roundhouses on top of hill forts, their ever-growing system of ditches and ramparts designed to protect from attack/invasion. As Danebury had few natural resources it relied on trade with other areas to get iron, tin, copper, salt, shale and stone. Danebury is an Iron Age hill fort in Hampshire in England, about 19 kilometres (12 mi) north-west of Winchester. Feedback welcome!KS1 one lesson planKS1 resources packKS2 four lesson plansKS2 resources pack Danebury was predominantly a farming community, the people kept sheep and cattle, wove woollen cloth and made leather goods. The number of these such ramparts differs in Iron Age British hillforts; some, which are known as univallate, are single-rampart only, whilst others, known as multivallate, are multi-rampart forts. To make it difficult for enemies to attack, tribes surrounded there hill forts with huge mounds of earth, ditches and wooden walls. A hill fort, essentially a defended enclosure, was an elevated site with ramparts (defensive walls) made from earth, wood or stone, and a ditch dug along the site’s perimeter. Milber Down hillfort is an Iron Age multivallate hill-slope fortification, consisting of four roughly concentric and fairly widely spaced ramparts with outer ditches, situated on a hill slope. All examples with surviving archaeological deposits are considered to be of national importance. Raksha gives us a real insight into the life and times of higher status hunter-gatherers in the Old Stone Age by looking at The Red Lady of Paviland, one of the oldest skeletons found in Britain. Three ditches were dug, the earth removed being used to build the ramparts. These whopping great constructions started to appear around 1,000 BC and remained in use until the Roman conquest. This teaching Stone Age to Iron Age at KS2 section contains a series of history lessons on all aspects of the Stone Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age, which were judged outstanding by an experienced history OFSTED inspector. What was the Iron Age? Its multiple rampart enclosure is larger than the area of 50 football pitches and at its peak this colossal fort housed over 700 people. (KS2: Iron Age Hillforts, tribal kingdoms, farming, art and culture) ... (AD 121-180), were dug up in or near the Iron Age hill-fort, the exact site being unknown. Pupils should be taught about: National Curriculum 2014. There was a … Pupils could carry out fieldwork to explore the shape of the land around hill forts and see if they can find evidence of the remains of hill forts in these locations. Record the grid reference for the hill fort. A full lesson for KS2 introducing Iron Age hillforts. 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